What are the types of roads?

Types of roads in India

Types of roads in India

India is a huge country and is currently growing at a rapid pace on the path of development. In such a situation, small and big roads are spread all over the country, which connect villages and cities with each other and make the smooth operation of transport services possible. To travel in India it is necessary to understand the road system here. In this article, we will provide you information about different types of roads in India, which will help in making your journey smooth.

There are different types of roads in India. These roads are categorized according to their usage, vehicle density on them and user. The width, speed limit, available facilities etc. are determined based on the definite purpose of the road.

Under the Nagpur Scheme for Road Development (1944–54), roads were first divided into four categories. These classes are - rural roads, district roads, provincial highways, national highways, border roads, international highways, and rapidways (expressways).

  • Rural Roads: -

These roads connect the villages with the district roads. These roads are often rough, narrow and unsuitable for heavy vehicular traffic. These are constructed and maintained by the gram panchayats.

  • District Roads: -

These roads connect large villages and towns to each other and the district headquarters. These are mostly raw. These are constructed and maintained by the District Councils or the concerned Public Works Department.

  • Provincial Highway: -

These are the mainstays of commercial and passenger traffic within a state. They connect each town of the state with the state capital, all the district headquarters, important sites of the state and the areas attached to the national highway. It is the responsibility of the state governments to construct and maintain these highways.

  • National Highway :-

As the name itself demonstrates, national highways work to connect important places across the country. These highways have been laid according to the width and length of the country. They connect state capitals, ports, industrial and mining areas, and cities and towns of national importance. Currently, the total length of national highways is about 82,621 km. National highways are only 1.7 percent of the total road length of the country, but 40 percent of the road traffic facility is provided by these routes. Generally, national highways can be from 2 to 2 lanes. In case of busiest routes, they are also made of 4 lanes. These highways are maintained by the Central Public Works Department.

How Meny types of roads in india?

  • Border Roads: -

The Border Roads Development Board was established in 1960, with the aim of accelerating economic development in the underdeveloped forest, hilly and desert areas. Another objective was to maintain the compulsory supplies for the defense troops. The Border Roads Organization is an executive department that builds and maintains roads in the Himalayan and mountainous regions of the North East and the desert regions of Rajasthan. Presently, BROs also manufacture ports and helipads. Apart from national highways and permanent bridge construction works, the Border Roads Organization has also done the laudable task of clearing and clearing snow from both roads in high altitude areas in both summer and winter.

  • International Highway: -

These highways have been built under the agreement with the Asia-Pacific Economic and Social Commission (ESCAP), with the assistance of the World Bank. Their aim is to connect important roads of India with neighboring countries (Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and Bangladesh).

  • Expressway: -

Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of expressways in India.

Try to understand in easy language, then the highways on which entry and exit of the moving vehicles are kept under control are called expressways. These high-speed roads can range from 4 lanes to 4 lanes. These roads are reserved only for vehicles traveling at great speed. These highways have been constructed for speedy movement of traffic in the country. It is often a multi-lane highway made of concrete and in some cases fences to prevent humans and animals from entering the road. There are currently 23 expressways and 17 are under construction.

On fast routes, any vehicle can cover a long distance without any interruption in a very short time. The Government of India has set a target of constructing 14,363 km of new expressways by the year 2020, of which 1583 km of expressways will be built by the year 2016.

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